City on an arm of the Indian Ocean.
Some of Tanzania's best beaches are to be found just south of Dar. takimsholidays.com
It is the nation's largest city, chief seaport, and principal commercial, manufacturing, and educational center. Population (1988) 1,360,850. Dar es Esalaam is Arabic for "haven of peace".
Products include processed food, textiles, clothing, footwear, refined petroleum, and metal goods.
Dar es Salaam was founded in the 1860s as a summer residence for the sultan of Zanzibar.
It was developed by German colonial interests after 1885, and in 1891 it became the capital of German East Africa.
Dar es Salaam passed to British control in 1916, and its main growth as a modern city began in the 1940s.
It became the capital of newly independent Tanganyika in 1961 and continued as the seat of administration when Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania in 1964.
In the early 1980s some government offices were moved to Dodoma, which had been designated to become the new capital.
Railroads extend inland to Arusha in the north, to Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria, and to Zambia. Dar Es Salaam has one of the largest natural harbours in the world. The city itself is full of life with an international airport.
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Major cities near Dar Es Salaam: