City more than 1524 m (5000 ft) above sea level in a rich farming region.
Founded in 1530, the city was moved twice before being established at its present location in 1542. It's the second largest city in Mexico. Population (1990) 1,628,617.
Its dry, mild climate and picturesque surroundings have made it a popular health resort.
The city is an important commercial center, connected by rail with the United States.
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The cathedral's mural, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, by Bartolemé Esteban Murillo, and the governor's palace are excellent examples of Spanish colonial art and architecture.
the University of Guadalajara (1792) - the Autonomous University of Guadalajara (1935)
he city has a museum housing works of the painter José Clemente Orozco
The Degollado Theater is the home of the Guadalajara Symphony Orchestra.
The city is noted for the mariachi music of its street musicians.
Hydroelectric power from the nearby Juanacatlán Falls is used to operate the factories of the city. Among the products manufactured are textiles, leather goods, furniture, hats, and cordage. The Native Americans from this area make high-quality pottery and glassware.
Major cities near Guadelajare :