Mombasa is a port city at the Kenyan coast. Beach tourism is well developed in 2007 near the international airport. Population (1985 estimate) 442,369 but a fast-growing city in 2005.
Mombasa was founded about the 8th century by Arab traders. It was visited in the 1330s by the noted Arab traveler Ibn Batuta.
In 1498 the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama visited Mombasa. Fort Jesus, built by the Portuguese in the 1590s, is maintained as a museum.
Mombasa later changed hands several times before coming under the control of the sultan of Zanzibar in 1840.
Mombasa passed to the British in 1895 and was the capital of the British East Africa Protectorate until 1907.
It was made the capital of the coastal Protectorate of Kenya in 1920. Mombasa Polytechnic (1948)
In 1963 Mombasa became part of newly independent Kenya (which includes the former protectorate and colony of Kenya).
Major cities near Mombasa: