Essen, west central Germany

City in North Rhine-Westphalia, in the Ruhr industrial district. Population (1990 estimate) 626,100.

The city is a railroad and manufacturing center, a chief industry being the manufacture of iron and steel. Other products include machinery, chemicals, glass, textiles, and building materials. Coal is mined nearby.

university - essenhyp.de - kunsthaus-essen.de

Villa Hügel is a museum devoted to the Krupp family, who founded the iron-and-steel industry in the city in the early 19th century.

Essen was originally the seat of a Benedictine convent, and it became an ecclesiastical town, governed by the convent, in the mid-10th century. The city cathedral (begun 10th century).

The convent maintained control until 1803, when Essen was made a secular town under Prussia.

The city was severely damaged, and after 1945 it was rebuilt with technologically advanced factories and large parks.

Major cities near Essen:

Köln

Dusseldorf

Duisburg

Dortmund

munich

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