Located on the Black Sea, its harbor kept open in winter by icebreakers.
Besides it's port activities, Odessa also is a major manufacturing, railroad, and cultural center and, with its mild climate, a popular resort.
Products of the city include refined petroleum, processed food, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and clothing.
Institutions of higher learning include a university, polytechnic and medical schools, a marine academy, and a music conservatory. The city has several museums and theaters and an opera house.
Population (1990 estimate) 1,106,000. - odessa.ua
Odesa itself was founded in 1794 as a Russian naval fortress on territory annexed from Turkey in 1792.
By the early 19th century the Russian settlement had become an important grain-exporting port.
Major cities near Odessa: