Stockholm is situated on about 20 islands and the adjacent mainland. This city surrounded by water, is known for its beauty.
Stockholm has many waterways and much parkland and is often referred to as the Venice of the North. stockholm.se - stockholmtown.com - tourist information
East of Stockholm lies the world's largest archipelago - a vacation paradise comprising some 25.000 islands.
Stockholm is the largest city and the chief commercial, manufacturing, financial, transportation, and cultural center of Sweden.
Among the many museums in the city are the Swedish Museum of Natural History; the National Museum, with large collections of paintings, sculpture, drawings, and prints; the Contemporary Art Museum; the National Museum of Science and Technology; the Ethnographical Museum of Sweden, with a collection of artifacts from around the world; and the National Maritime Museum, with displays relating to Swedish naval and merchant-marine history.
Major manufactures include printed materials, electrical equipment, processed food, machinery, metal products, paper, chemicals, textiles, and clothing. Government operations, tourism, and shipbuilding also are important to the city's economic base.
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It is the seat of the University of Stockholm (1877); the Royal Institute of Technology (1827); the College of Fine Arts (1735); the Nobel Foundation (1900), which oversees the awarding of Nobel Prizes; and the Swedish Academy (1786).
Although the area had long been inhabited, Stockholm was not established until the mid-13th century. This settlement developed as a trading center after commercial ties were established with cities that were members of the Hanseatic League (a commercial federation of European cities), particularly Lübeck. Stockholm is built across 15 islands located where Lake Mälaren joins the Baltic Sea. The city became a noted cultural center in the 17th century, and its main growth as an industrial community began about 1850. Population (1993 estimate) 692,954.
Major cities near Stockholm: