Agra, northern India

Agra is a city on the Yamuna River. Agra is the site of the Taj Mahal.

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Agra is a railroad junction and a commercial and industrial center for the surrounding agricultural area. Population (1991, greater city) 955,694.

Together with Delhi and Jaipur, the city forms the ‘golden triangle’, India’s most popular tourist itinerary. From Delhi, a trip by bus takes about 4 hours.

Outstanding examples of Indo-Saracenic architecture in the city includes the Taj Mahal (Shah Jahan), the Jahangri Mahal, a palace of white marble constructed for the Mughal emperor Akbar, and the Moti Masjid, also known as the Pearl Mosque, built during the early part of the 17th century.

The city has an extensive trade in cotton, grain, tobacco, salt, and sugar. Factories are engaged in food processing and the production of cotton textiles, carpets, iron and steel, and leather goods.

Educational institutions include Agra University (1927), Dayalbagh Educational Institute (1981), and a medical college.

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Agra was captured by the British in 1803. Since 1835 the city has been a provincial capital and an administrative center.

The Mughal emperor Akbar (1556-1605) established the present city of Agra in 1566. The city  became a center of culture and scholarship, and served as a seat of government for the Mughal Empire until 1658, when the Mughal capital was moved to Delhi.

Major cities near Agra

Jaipur
235 km
Delhi Kanpur

 

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