Algiers is the principal Mediterranean port of northwestern Africa. It is located on the Bay of Algiers, and is the capital and largest city of Algeria. Population (1987) 1,483,000.
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The city is divided into two sections:
The lower part is the modern city, built by the French, with wide boulevards, theaters, cathedrals, museums, an opera house, and many educational institutions, including the University of Algiers and several Muslim schools.
The upper part is the old city, with narrow, twisting streets dominated by the Casbah, a 16th-century fortress built by the Turks, which lends its name to the entire quarter. With the post-World War II population increase, and the crowding in the native quarter, suburbs have burgeoned.
Algiers has a major international airport and is the hub of a network of railways and roads. Its strategic position and fine harbor combine to make Algiers a major shipping center and a principal Mediterranean refueling station.
History :Albert Camus lived in Algiers.
By 1200 BC the Phoenicians had colonized the site and set up a coastal trading post.
Major cities near Algiers: