The city, is a seaport and a naval base and a fishing, commercial, and manufacturing center.
Auckland was founded in 1840 as the capital of colonial New Zealand. In 1865 the capital was transferred from Auckland to Wellington.
Population (greater city, 1993 estimate) 910,200.
Products of the metropolitan area include iron and steel, processed food, machinery, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, forest products, and fertilizer.
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Many Pacific Islanders moved to Auckland after World War II ended in 1945, and the urban area also contains a large number of Maori, descendants of the pre-European inhabitants of the country.
Among the points of interest in Auckland are the Auckland City Art Gallery, with a collection of paintings by European and New Zealand artists; the Auckland Institute and Museum, featuring exhibits on natural history and ethnology; the Melanesian Mission Museum; the Museum of Transport and Technology; and Parnell Rose Garden. The University of Auckland (1882) and Auckland Technical Institute (1964) are here.
Major cities near Auckland:
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