Beijing, the second largest city in China after Shanghai, is the cultural, political, and intellectual center of the country, as well as a major industrial and commercial metropolis.
Beijing started existing as a city for more than 3,000 years. Under the rule of Kublai Khan (1215-1294), the winter capital was moved to Beijing. At that time Peking was visited by Marco Polo. As a world famous ancient capital the old city of Beijing is amazed for its precise layout, magnificent air and unique style.
www.ccpit.org - Civil Law forum: www.cclaw.net - www.beijing-guide.com
Beijing has become the second largest industrial center in China after Shanghai. In the early 1990s more than 2.1 million workers were employed in industry in Beijing. Processed foods, textiles, paints, paper, high-quality lubricants, and electronic products are now produced in Beijing. Construction activity has also increased rapidly. New buildings, factories, and improvements to the infrastructure are widespread. In the early 1990s there were about 684,000 construction workers employed in Beijing.
Beijing has more colleges and universities than any other Chinese city. Universities: www.buptnet.edu.cn
Despite much recent construction, Beijing remains a city of great monuments, palaces, temples and other reminders of the past glory of imperial China. The Palace Museum, located within the Forbidden City, was the former residence and official site of the imperial family and court. Built more than 500 years ago, this complex comprises a series of great halls and palaces which served for official and ceremonial occasions of state, banquets, and residential purposes. To the west of this complex is Zhongnan Hai, a large park and cluster of lakes that is walled and serves today as the residential compound for China's top leadership. Immediately south of the Forbidden City is Tianan Men Square. This is the site of large celebrations and rallies, such as the National Day celebrations held each year on October 1.
The climate is seasonal, with hot summers and cold winters. Temperatures can climb higher than 38° C (higher than 100° F) in July and drop lower than -15° C (lower than 5° F) in January.
Beijing is one of China's main centers of transportation and trade. Beijing is the hub of a national network of major highways. Railway lines radiate to all parts of the country, and some connect to North Korea, Russia, and Mongolia. A major expressway was recently completed to Tianjin.
Major cities near Beijing:
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