Located at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers.
In 1992, after the breakup of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro formed the new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, with Belgrade as its capital.
Population (1991) 1,136,786.
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Deposits of coal and lead are located nearby, and the city is an industrial center in which machinery, electrical equipment, processed food, pottery, and textiles are manufactured. Belgrade is economically important also as a center, by rail and river, for the region's export and import trade.
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Belgrade, was held successively by the Celts, Romans, Huns, Sarmatians, and Goths; then it was taken by the Byzantines, the Franks, the Bulgars, and again by the Byzantines. Because of its strategic position on the route between Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) and Vienna, the city continued throughout the Middle Ages to be the prize of hard-fought contests; in addition, Belgrade occupied a commanding post on the Danube River.
The Byzantine Greeks, the Bulgars, the Serbs, and the Magyars (Hungarians) were masters of Belgrade at various times from the 12th century to the beginning of the 16th century. The Turks captured the city in 1521 and called it Darol-i-Jehad ("home of wars of the faith"). In 1867 Belgrade was finally freed of a Turkish garrison. During World War I (1914-1918) the city was twice occupied by Austrian troops.
In 1919 Belgrade became the capital of the newly created Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929). German troops held the city for the greater part of World War II (1939-1945).
Major cities near Belgrade :
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