Berlin - Germany

The city's slight elevation made it a site for human settlement even in prehistoric times. Largest city and capital of Germany. In 1992 Berlin had a population of about 3,454,200 and an area of approximately 889 sq km (343 sq mi).


berlin.de - berlin-info.de - zoo-berlin.de

In 1871 Berlin became the capital of the unified German Empire. During the following decades the city grew into a major industrial center, specializing in machinery, electrical goods, and textiles. Culturally, Berlin won worldwide fame for its excellent theaters, concerts, and exhibitions; commercially, it benefited from a wide network of railroads converging at the city. Extensive construction of factories and commercial buildings attracted thousands of workers, most of whom were housed in large tracts of shoddy tenements.

beach in Berlin


Companies based in Berlin : Renewable energy - chemie.fu-berlin.de

cityscope.de - stadtplandienst.de

In 1415 Berlin-Kölln, as part of the electorate of Brandenburg, came under the rule of the Hohenzollern dynasty. Both towns were then forced to withdraw from the league and were jointly made the capital of Brandenburg. They were formally merged into one town in 1709.

Under the Hohenzollerns, important leather, textile, and paper industries were developed in Berlin, and the city also became known for its potteries and breweries. Beginning in 1576, however, repeated outbreaks of plague reduced its population by many thousands. In 1600 Berlin had about 12,000 inhabitants.

Frederick William, the Great Elector, who was elector of Brandenburg from 1640 to 1688, quickly rehabilitated Berlin. He expanded Hohenzollern lands and encouraged immigration, welcoming 15,000 Huguenot refugees from France, 6000 of whom settled in Berlin. The subsequent French influence on the city's life was significant. His son Frederick I transformed Brandenburg into the kingdom of Prussia and adorned the new royal capital with elaborate public buildings. By the time of his death, Berlin's population had grown to 60,000.

Berlin continued to grow throughout the 18th century. Hegel was a rector at the university.

In 1871 Berlin became the capital of the unified German Empire. During the following decades the city grew into a major industrial center, specializing in machinery, electrical goods, and textiles

River in Berlin

Culturally, Berlin won worldwide fame for its excellent theaters, concerts, and exhibitions; commercially, it benefited from a wide network of railroads converging at the city. Extensive construction of factories and commercial buildings attracted thousands of workers, most of whom were housed in large tracts of shoddy tenements.

streets of Berlin

By 1945, about 50,000 prewar buildings had been destroyed, many were in ruins.Berlin's population was 2,800,000, down from its prewar 4,400,000.

See Berlin: in April 2010

Berlin

Major cities near Berlin to:



Copenhagen

East
Warsaw
526 km


Minsk



Stockholm

Frankfurt

Vilnius

Lodz

Hamburg

Essen

Dusseldorf

 

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