Bucharest, southeastern Romania

The city is situated about 65 km (about 40 mi) north of the Danube River, near Ploiesti, on the banks of the Dâmbovita River (a tributary of the Danube).

Bucharest lies on a generally level plain and, including suburban districts, occupies an area of about 300 sq km (about 117 sq mi).

In 1930 the population of Bucharest was 631,288. By the 1950s, as a result of industrialization and urbanization policies, the population doubled, and it has continued to increase steadily. The population was 2,064,474 in 1992.

Bucharest (Romanian Bucuresti) is the capital and largest city of Romania, located in the southeastern part of the country.

Economy : Bucharest is a major industrial center and the main financial and trade center of Romania. The city accounts for about 20 percent of the country's industrial production. Industries include heavy machinery, aviation, precision machinery, agricultural tools, furniture, electronics, chemicals, textiles, leather goods, wire, soap, cosmetics, and food processing.

Bucharest, known as the "Paris of the Balkans" in the early 20th century, was a cosmopolitan city before 1944 when its architecture, city planning, and culture were French-inspired. After a Communist government came to power following World War II (1939-1945), French cultural qualities were ended, although the architecture remains. During the 1980s, under the orders of Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, a vast area on the banks of the Dâmbovita was razed, including houses and historical monuments. Buildings of North Korean architectural style were then erected, although many of these structures are still unfinished.

History : The history of Bucharest is traced to the 15th century. Following the revolt of the vassal principalities of Walachia and Moldavia against their Ottoman conquerors, the Ottomans burned the city in 1595. In 1698 the Ottoman sultan Mustafa II made Bucharest the seat of the Walachian government. Wars routinely erupted among the Ottoman Empire, Austria, and Russia between 1711 and 1829, and Bucharest, geographically in the middle of the conflicts, was periodically occupied and destroyed.

In addition to the ravages of several wars, Bucharest has endured epidemics of bubonic plague, fires, and earthquakes. In 1977 an earthquake resulted in the death of more than 1500 people and extensive property damage. Another earthquake occurred in 1990, but caused only minor damage.

Major cities near Bucharest:

Sofia Istanbul

Music: female singer in 2009: INNA

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