With its tree-lined boulevards and wide squares bordered by modern buildings, Budapest is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
Budapest is the leading commercial and manufacturing center of Hungary. Population (1993 estimate) 2,009,000.
|Budapest is located along the Danube river.
In 2007 Buda and Pest are linked by six bridges over the Danube River, including one of the largest suspension bridges in Europe.
Although the surrounding region is not itself a center of agriculture, a large portion of Hungary's agricultural produce is brought to Budapest by rail and boat.
In 1956 the city was damaged during an unsuccessful popular uprising against the Communist government. On February 13, 1945, during World War II, Budapest was taken by armies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics after a 50-day siege.
|George Soros was born here in 1930 : soros.org.
Before World War II around 200.000 Jews lived in Budapest.
Technical University - fsz.bme.hu - budapest.com
In 1872 Buda, Óbuda, and Pest were united into the modern city of Budapest.
When the Ottomans were driven out in 1686 by a league of states under the leadership of Austria, both cities were almost in ruins. Because of their commanding position on the Danube and resulting economic importance, the recovery of both cities was rapid. Both Buda and Pest continued to grow during the 18th century and made an extraordinary advance in the late 19th century.
Buda: (western bank of the Danube) In 1247 Béla IV repopulated Pest with Germans and colonists of other nationalities and established the city of Buda on a hill south of the old settlement, which became known as Óbuda ("Old Buda"). Built on a terraced plateau, Buda contains the former Royal Palace, built in the 13th century by King Béla IV of Hungary. The original palace was destroyed when the Ottomans were expelled from the city in the 17th century; a new palace was later built on that site. Buda became the capital of Hungary in 1361. During the Ottoman invasion of Hungary, Buda was taken in 1541.
Pest: (eastern bank of the Danube) Pest was a leading European commercial center. Pest stands on a plain and is the site of the Hungarian Parliament (completed in 1902), the Academy of Sciences, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Palace of Justice, Loránd Eötvös University (1635), the Custom House, and the Hungarian National Museum (1802). The manufacturing districts and the wharves are located in Pest's newer sections. During the Ottoman invasion of Hungary, Pest was taken in 1526.
Major cities near Budapest:
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