Calgary has become known as the oil and gas Capital of Canada.
Calgary is a commercial, financial, manufacturing, and transportation center for a region that produces petroleum and natural gas, grain, and cattle.
The principal industries of the city are oil refining, energy research, the manufacture of chemicals and building materials.
Food processing and tourism are also part of the cities Economy.
The University of Calgary (1945), Mount Royal College (1910), Provincial Institute of Technology and Art (1916)
The headquarters for more than 280 oil and natural gas companies are in Calgary.
People have lived in the area around what is now Calgary for thousands of years.
An outpost for the North West Mounted Police was renamed renamed Fort Calgary in 1876. That name was probably derived from a Gaelic phrase for "bay farm" or "bay pasture".
In 1883 the Canadian Pacific Railway arrived. The community grew and was incorporated in 1893.
The development of irrigated agriculture nearby, the discovery of the Turner Valley and Leduc oil and gas fields, and the construction of the Trans-Canada Highway all stimulated the economic development of the city. Toronto is 1.689 miles (2.719 km) southeast of Calgary.
The city's population has increased tremendously since the 1960s. Population (1986) 636,840; (1991) 710,677. In 1988, Calgary was the site of the Winter Olympic Games.
Major cities near Calgary: