The capital of Sichuan Province, on the Min Jiang river (a tributary of the upper Yangtze). Population (1991) 2,810,000.
Chengdu is the cultural and industrial center for the agricultural Chengdu Plain. Deposits of coal and natural gas are nearby.
Manufactures include processed food, precision instruments, cutting tools, electronic equipment, textiles, and aluminum.
Chengdu is the home of the Tang poet Du Fu (Tu Fu). Chengdu was one of the first centers of printing in China. It is famous since the 13th century for its luxurious satins, brocades, and lacquerware.
Chengdu was founded during the Zhou (Chou) dynasty (1027?-256 BC). Capital of the Shu dynasty (AD 221-63), it became a leading commercial center during the Tang dynasty (618-907), when it was known as I-chou.
In 1368 it was made the capital of Sichuan.
Chengdu expanded rapidly during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and was developed as a major rail and industrial center in the 1950s.
Major cities near Chengdu: