Chicago is the third largest city in the United States and one of the USA's leading industrial, commercial, transportation, and financial centers.
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Chicago contains the headquarters of numerous corporations and is an important wholesale market for grain, machine tools, produce, fish, and flowers. The Chicago Board of Trade and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange are among the world's largest commodities markets in 2007 and have led in the development of futures trading and related concepts. The city has long been an important convention and trade-show center, with numerous hotels and extensive exhibition facilities.
University of Illinois at Chicago
Manufacturing employs about one-fourth of the metropolitan area's workers. Chicago's largest employer is the electrical-goods industry, followed by the steel, machinery, fabricated-metals, foods, printing and publishing, chemicals, and transportation-equipment industries. The manufacture of furniture and agricultural implements has declined in importance in recent decades. Chicago is one of the nation's leading producers of steel, metalwares, confectionery, surgical appliances, railroad equipment, soap, paint, cosmetics, cans, industrial machinery, printed materials, and sporting goods.
Companies based in Chicago : Ameritech - columbusfoods.com
When French explorers Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet first canoed into the area in 1673, they encountered marshland that the Indians called Checagou, meaning wild onions. But its potential was clear - its access to waterways in all directions made the location a prime spot for trading. Chicago is often referred to as a city of neighborhoods. Since the development of Chicago began, people came to Chicago from all over the world, settling in areas where they had something in common with those already living there. Each neighborhood has its own feeling, its own style. The Loop is the oldest and most central. They must have put something in Bridgeport's water in 1932, for since then many Chicago mayors have hailed from this neighborhood five miles southwest of the Loop. Originally settled in the 1830s by Irish laborers who came to help construct the Illinois-Michigan Canal, Bridgeport is also one of the stockyards neighborhoods, which for 100 years served as the primary employer on the South Side. Back of the Yards, Canaryville, McKinley Park and Gage Park are other working-class neighborhoods whose residents once worked in the stockyards. The communities are often ethnic enclaves. There's Greektown and Chinatown (Cermak Rd and Wentworth Avenue, first settled by Chinese immigrants around 1912), best-known for their restaurants. Pilsen is a predominantly Mexican-American community and Little Village is a Mexican community near 26th and Kedzie. Heart of Italy is one of the oldest city neighborhoods consisting mostly of Italians from the Tuscany region, with many family-owned and operated restaurants. Andersonville is a Scandinavian area of restaurants, bakeries and shops that grew from the Swedish farms of the 1840s. Beverly, the largest urban historic district containing 3,000 buildings with national register status, calls itself the Village in the City. Hyde Park was established in the 1850s with the Illinois Central Railroad connecting it to the city and is home to the University of Chicago. Lincoln Park refers to both the park and the neighborhood around it. Lakeview finds you sitting in the bleachers at Wrigley Field, munching on hot dogs and trying to catch a fly ball. People identify themselves by their neighborhood. They don't say they live in Chicago; they might say that they live in Pullman, an 1880s planned community for employees of the Pullman sleeping-car firm; or in Old Town, probably best known by inhabitants for its summer art fair and Second City Comedy Club. Chicago continues to grow and flourish. While the city of Chicago has well-defined boundaries, the Chicagoland area includes a good number of suburbs, such as Oak Park, where most of architect Frank Lloyd Wright's work is concentrated. As the growth continues, towns which were formerly considered to be out in the country are now seen as part of the Chicagoland area.
In 1892, a series of elevated train tracks were installed in downtown Chicago. The trains made a loop around the central downtown district before continuing on to outlying regions. The Loop refers to the area enclosed by the tracks - the central business district of the city - although Chicagoans generally use the terms Loop and downtown interchangeably.
1893 : Ferris wheel
Chicago has a highly diversified economy that has been aided by an extensive transportation and distribution network. It is the nation's most important rail and trucking center and is the location of one of the busiest airports in the United States, Chicago-O'Hare International Airport.
Major cities near Chicago:
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