Dortmund in North Rhine-Westphalia is in the heart of the Ruhr coalfields and near extensive iron-ore deposits.
Leading products are iron and steel, mining machinery, railroad equipment, machine tools, and beer.
Population (1990 estimate) 597,400. dortmund.de
Dortmund was badly damaged during World War II (1939-1945).
With the rise of industrialization in the mid-19th century, however, Dortmund prospered.
About the middle of the 13th century Dortmund joined the Hanseatic League. The city enjoyed great prosperity in the succeeding centuries, but by the end of the 18th century it had declined in importance.
The city was first mentioned about AD 885 as Throtmannia, and it became a free city of the Holy Roman Empire.
Major cities near Dortmund:
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