Known as the Gateway to the North, the city is a commercial, manufacturing, and transportation center situated in a rich agricultural and mining area.
Deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, precious metals, and uranium in the region are of prime importance to the city's economic base. Population (1986) 573,982 is rising (1991) 616,741.
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Also important are biotechnology, telecommunications, cold-weather research and development, and the manufacture of petrochemicals, plastic products, refined petroleum, metal products, processed food, lumber, furniture, and clothing.
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In addition, government agencies and tourist facilities employ many people.
A highway links Edmonton with Dawson Creek, British Columbia, the terminus of the Alaska Highway. Edmonton is served by railroads, two major airports, and a public transit system, which includes a subway. A military facility is nearby.
In 1891 the Canadian Pacific Railroad arrived in the area.
The settlement grew as an outfitting point for prospectors after gold was discovered in the 1890s in the Yukon.
Edmonton was incorporated as a city in 1904. After 1950 the population increased rapidly as Edmonton became a center of the Alberta petroleum industry.
A number of large office buildings were constructed in the 1970s.
Major cities near Edmonton:
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