The city is situated on the Guayas River, near the head of the Gulf of Guayaquil, in Ecuador's low-lying Pacific littoral (altitude 4 m) with a deliciously tropical climate.
Guayaquil is Ecuador's largest city and its leading economic center; major industries include shrimp fishing, petroleum refining, food processing, and the manufacture of machinery and consumer goods.
grandhotelguayaquil.com - Newspaper (2007): eluniverso.com
Educational centers in Guayaquil include the University of Guayaquil (1867), the Catholic University of Santiago de Guayaquil (1962), the "Vicente Rocafuerte" Lay University of Guayaquil (1847), and a polytechnic institute (1958). bluehill.edu.ec - usm.edu.ec
In Spanish : Stock Exchange : bvg.fin.ec - Bank : bankguay.com
Population (1990) 1,508,444.
Guayaquil was founded in 1537 by the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana. Among the notable landmarks are a 16th-century church in the old district of Las Pepas and a monument commemorating the Guayaquil Conference (1822) between the South American statesmen José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar.
Guayaquil is the "gateway" to the most beautiful beaches of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands, and one of the best sports fishing places in the world. Galapagos Cruises : galasam.com.ec
Major cities near Guayaquil :