(also spelled Kaosiung or Kaohiung)
It is a fishing center and the southern port of Taiwan.
Fish, rice, sugar, pineapples, and bananas are exported.
The port, which was once under Dutch occupation, developed after 1858.
The industrial center developed under Japanese rule from 1895 to 1945.
The chief industries are oil refining, shipbuilding, fish and fruit processing and canning, rice and sugar milling, and iron casting.
The city was known as Takow (Japanese Taku) until 1920 and as Takao by the Japanese from 1920 to 1945.
Population (1991 estimate) 1,396,425.
Major cities near Kao-hsiung:
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