Khartoum, north central Sudan

City just south of the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers.

Khartoum is very poor, with few exclusive areas. Few streets are paved, but the centre is well-planned, with tree-lined streets. Khartoum is the an administrative, economical and commercial centre for the whole of Sudan.

Manufacturing industries include printing, food processing, and textile and glass manufacturing.

The University of Khartoum (1956), Cairo University Khartoum Branch (1955), and a number of specialized technical schools are here, as are the Sudan National Museum and the Ethnographical Museum. University : ahfad.org

Landmarks include the Republican Palace and the parliament buildings.

Much of its trade is derived from river traffic on the Nile and from farms of the large Al Jazýrah (Gezira) irrigated area to the south. The economic focus of the nation's largest urban area, it has bridge connections across the Blue Nile to Khartoum North and across the White Nile to Omdurman.

Population (1983) 476,218.

Khartoum was founded in 1821 as an Egyptian military post for captured territory in the Sudan. It grew rapidly into a flourishing commercial and trade center by the 1880s.

In 1884-85, during a revolt against Anglo-Egyptian rule, Khartoum was besieged for ten months by the forces of Muhammad Ahmad, known as the Mahdi, in an action that culminated in the massacre of the entire Anglo-Egyptian garrison and its British leader, Charles George Gordon.

The city was recaptured in 1898 by the British under H. H. Kitchener, who subsequently directed its reconstruction.

Khartoum was the capital of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan from 1899 to 1956, when it became the capital of newly independent Sudan.

Major cities near Khartoum:

Cairo

Jeddah

Addis Abeba

 

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