Luanda became the capital of independent Angola in 1975. Population (1988 estimate) 1,200,000.
Luanda is the largest city, chief (air)port and industrial center of Angola in 2007.
The city's main exports include petroleum, coffee, diamonds, iron ore, and fish products.
Its main imports include motor vehicles, cotton goods, iron and steel, cement, machinery, flour, coal and oil.
City on the Atlantic Ocean. Commercial and industrial sections are located around the modern deepwater port, and government and residential districts are inland, on higher ground.
Luanda's airport is the busiest in Angola.
Agostinho Neto University (1963), the Angola Institute of Education and Social
Service (1962), and the Museum of Angola (1938) are in Luanda.
The city is the site of a major landmarkthe large fortress of São Miguel (17th century). Founded in 1575 by the Portuguese, Luanda was from the 17th to the mid-19th century a leading port for shipping black African slaves to Brazil.
Major cities near Luanda:
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