New Orleans, USA

City on the Mississippi River, north of its entrance into the Gulf of Mexico.

City in southeastern Louisiana. Long known for its unique and vivid cultural blend, the city is now a major commercial and tourism center for the South and one of the busiest ports in the United States.

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The economy of New Orleans has traditionally been dominated by shipping, including both river barge and ocean vessel traffic.

"Laissez Les Bon Temps Roulez" (Let the Good Times Roll). The Big Easy. American civil liberties union :  laaclu.org Creole residents, who descend from the city's early French and Spanish inhabitants, have had a major influence on the city's cuisine and cultural life.

New Orleans lies largely below sea level. Since the 1950s the population of New Orleans has declined, as large numbers of white middle-class families have left the city and moved to suburbs. According to the 1990 census, blacks constitute 61.9 percent of the city's population. After some serious flooding by hurricane Kathrina in 2006, population declined, as people didn't return.

The city's industrial base is highly diversified and encompasses more than 800 manufacturing operations. The leading industries include shipbuilding, petroleum refining, food processing, and the manufacture of clothing, construction materials, wood products, primary metals, and petrochemicals. Tourism is also very important to the city's economy.

The Vieux Carré, the original settlement , also known as the French Quarter, has picturesque houses that line the narrow streets. The houses are built in a style that combines French and Spanish influences. At the heart of the Vieux Carré is Jackson Square, were is located Saint Louis Cathedral (1851). Dixieland jazz is still played on Basin and Bourbon streets, where black musicians made it famous in the early 20th century. To the west of the Vieux Carré is Canal Street, the main thoroughfare of the modern commercial district.

On the northern side of the city is the extensive City Park, which borders on Lake Pontchartrain.

The site was visited by several French explorers. Recognizing the importance of the location a settlement was established in 1718, named iNouvelle Orléans, for the duc d'Orléans, regent of France.

In 1722 the town was made the capital of the French colony. Following the partition of Louisiana between England and Spain in 1763, New Orleans became the capital of Spanish Louisiana. In 1800 New Orleans was secretly ceded to France; in 1803 it was formally ceded to France and then, by the terms of the Louisiana Purchase, to the United States.

New Orleans was incorporated as a city in 1805. In 1812 Louisiana became a U.S. state with New Orleans as its capital. Between 1810 and 1850 steamboat traffic on the Mississippi River made the city one of the busiest ports in North America. In 1852 New Orleans was the third largest city in the United States. Tulane University (1834)

During the American Civil War (1861-1865) the city was a major port and military center. After the war, shipping activities declined, but by 1900 they had begun to increase again.  Loyola University in New Orleans (1912), Xavier University of Louisiana (1915)

The period following World War II (1939-1945) was marked by commercial and industrial growth and the completion of major public works programs. Southern University in New Orleans (1956), the University of New Orleans (1956).

Major cities near New Orleans:

Northwest
Dallas
700 km

West
Houston
485 km

North
Memphis
565 km

Northeast
Atlanta
685 km

Southeast
Miami
1.085 km

 

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