City in the Irrawaddy delta on the Yangon River, near the Gulf of Martaban (an arm of the Andaman Sea).
Yangon is Myanmar's largest city and principal seaport and its main commercial, manufacturing, and transportation center.
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The National Museum of Art and Archaeology, with collections of paintings and antiquities
The National Library
Yangon began to develop as a modern community in the late 19th century after it had again come under British rule in 1852.
The Arts and Science University at Yangon (1920)
In 1930 Yangon was badly damaged by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami.
During World War II (1939-1945) the city was occupied by Japanese forces. When Myanmar achieved independence in 1948, Yangon became the capital. Population (1983) 2,513,023.
The World Peace Pagoda, built in 1952 to honor the 2500th anniversary of the death of the Buddha.
The Shwe Dagon Pagoda, an ancient Buddhist shrine about 100 m (about 325 ft) high and covered with gold leaf on the outside.
The settlement first came into prominence in the mid-1750s when King Alaungpaya, or Alompra, founder of the last dynasty of Burmese kings, chose the site as the administrative capital of Lower Burma and named it Yangon, meaning "the end of strife." ("Rangoon" is an English transliteration of this name.)
Major cities near Rangoon:
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