The historical center is a small area, located almost entirely on the eastern (left) bank of the Tiber.
Rome today is easily divided into two regions: the inner city, within the Aurelian Wall, built in the late 3rd century AD to enclose the area around the Seven Hills; and the sprawling outer city, with its suburbs.
Rome's economy remains essentially based on two activities, government operations and tourism. The majority of the city's workers are employed in these fields, in wholesale and retail trade, and in other service industries. In addition, Rome has become the site of the headquarters of many multinational corporations and agencies, including the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Program.
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For centuries, Rome has been called the Eternal City, a title earned through its importance as one of the great cities of Western civilization, as the capital of the Roman Empire, and as the world center of the Roman Catholic church.
A little over a century ago, Rome was a quiet city with a population (1870 estimate) of 226,000; its people were living largely in the past.
Since 1871 Rome has been the capital of united Italy. Afterwards feverish growth followed. In 2007 Rome is not only the capital and nerve center of Italy but, as the seat of the Roman Catholic church and the headquarters of major international agencies and multinational corporations, a city that has assumed a place of worldwide importance. Population (1991) 2,775,250.
University - Banca di Roma - parlamento.it - senato.it - tesoro.it (Ministry of Finance)
Rome is a central point in Italy's railroad system and also is connected by highway with many parts of the country.
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport, situated near the seacoast, is one of the busiest in Europe.
The city is served by a subway system.
Writers: Goethe "Italiaanse Reis"
Major cities near Rome:
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