Located at the confluence of the Volga and Samara rivers, the city is an important port and a railroad and industrial center.
The city was founded in 1586 as a defense outpost and developed into a grain-trade center for the Volga River region.
Major industrial growth began in the early 20th century.
Manufactures include motor vehicles, railroad equipment, chemicals, and machinery.
From 1935 to 1991 the city was known as Kuybyshev in honor of the Soviet leader V. V. Kuybyshev.
Samara is the capital of Samara Oblast. samara.ru
When Moscow was threatened by the Germans during World War II, the city served (1941-1943) as an administrative center of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Population (1992 estimate) 1,239,200.
Major cities near Samara :
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