Sheffield, north central England

City, in the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire, at the southern foot of the Pennines.

Sheffield is a major steel-manufacturing center, known especially for its stainless steel products, notably cutlery.

Population (1991 preliminary) 500,500.

The University of Sheffield (1905) and Sheffield Hallam University (1992, formerly a polytechnic college).

Sheffield was already known by the 14th century for the production of cutlery.

Waterpower, furnished by the area's rivers, and the local availability of iron ore and coal were the primary reasons for the community's industrial growth. City is located at the junction of the Don River and four of its tributaries.

The city is located in an important coal-mining region and has iron and brass foundries and manufactures that include steel tools and other metal products, processed foods, and glass.

A silver-plating technique was invented here in 1742, and in the 1850s the inventor, Henry Bessemer, developed a process for the inexpensive manufacture of steel. Such developments contributed to the city's prominence in the British steel trade.

Sheffield suffered damage from German bombing during World War II and has since undergone extensive rebuilding.

Major cities near Sheffield:

Liverpool

Manchester

Leeds

Birmingham

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