Also Shen-yang, formerly Mukden, city, capital of Liaoning Province, on the Hun River.
Shenyang is both one of Chinese megalopolises and the important industrial bases, and the center of economy, culture, science and Technology, trade, finance and transportation. Population (1991 estimate) 4,540,000.
Copper : www.syjc.ihw.com.cn
Northeast College of Technology, a School of Medicine, and a Music Conservatory are located here. The 17th-century Manchu Imperial Palace, the tomb of Emperor Tai-tsung, and other Chinese historical monuments are notable landmarks.
Liaoning University : www.lnu.edu.cn
Shenyang is a major industrial center. Manufactures include machine tools, processed copper, machinery, steel, and electrical equipment.
Modern development, begun by Russian interests in 1895, continued under Japanese influence following the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) and with the aid of powerful local warlords. The Mukden Incident (1913) marked the start of the Japanese conquest of Manchuria and establishment of the former Japanese-controlled state of Manchukuo (1932-1945). Looted of its industrial equipment, the city was returned to China in 1945 and renamed Shenyang in 1948. It was the capital (1949-1954) of the short-lived Northeast Administrative Region and was rebuilt as a diversified industrial center in the 1950s.
Originally called Shen, the city was a prosperous Mongol trading center from the 10th to the 12th century AD. Renamed Feng-tien, it was under Chinese control during 1368-1625; and, as Mukden and Shengking, was an early capital (1625-1644) of the Qing (Manchu) dynasty (1644-1911) before its conquest of Beijing.
Major cities near Shenyang:
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