Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria and its political, economic and cultural center. Population (1992 estimate) 1,114,476.
Major manufactures include metal, wood, and rubber products, machinery, chemicals, electronic and transportation equipment, processed food, textiles, clothing, footwear, and printed materials. Government activities, construction, and tourism are also important in the city's economic base.
Founded in AD 29 by the Romans on the site of an 8th-century BC Thracian settlement and destroyed by Attila in 447, Sofia was later rebuilt by the Byzantines. After 1396 it was ruled by the Ottoman Turks, who made it the administrative centre of their Balkan territories. In 1879, Sofia became the capital of the restored nation of Bulgaria. A further period of change began with the end of Communist rule in 1989.
Major cities near Sofia:
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