The city lies in a valley surrounded by hills on three sides, at an elevation of about 1400 m (about 4500 ft).
It is a manufacturing, commercial, and transportation center. Principal products include carpets, textiles, processed food, footwear, and soap.
Tabrýz is the site of the lovely 15th-century Blue Mosque, a 14th-century citadel, and the University of Tabrýz (1949).
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By virtue of its location, Tabriz has a mild Summer climate,which makes this city an ideal Summer vacation spot for the Iranians from the more Southern areas of the country. The Winters are cold and the snow filled mountains of Tabriz are perfect for the lovers of Winter sports. Tabriz has a continental type of climate with low humidity of average annual rainfall of 289 mm.
Tabriz is located on the Ajý Chaý River, near Lake Urmia.
The present-day city has been built and rebuilt on the site of the ancient settlement of Tauris, which prospered as a trade center and was the capital of Armenia in the 3rd century AD. Tabrýz has over the centuries been severely damaged by earthquakes (especially in 858, 1041, and 1721) and by invasions of outside forces such as the Seljuk Turks, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, and Russians. The city was occupied by Russian troops from 1827 to 1828, and in 1946 it was the center of a leftist revolutionary movement. In 2007 Tabriz is the capital of East Azerbaijan Province in Iran.
Population (1991) 1,088,985. Pop. (1986) 971,482.
Major cities near Tabriz :
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