Tunis, northeastern Tunisia

Tunis is a port and the capital of Tunisia, on the Lake of Tunis. A ship channel connects the city with the Mediterranean Sea.

A commercial and industrial center, Tunis has plants producing chemicals, processed foods, and textiles; distilleries are also here. The chief exports include carpets, fruit, iron ore, and olives.

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The city, which occupies an elevated isthmus, is divided into two parts: the old, walled, Muslim quarter and the newer European quarter.

The modern city of Tunis was built while Tunisia was under French rule (1881-1956). During that period the population increased dramatically as thousands of Europeans and Muslims were drawn to the area by growing commercial and industrial facilities. When Tunisia won its independence, Tunis became its capital, and living conditions in the city were improved by an urban redevelopment program. Population (1991 estimate) 629,000.

The city is also the site of the University of Tunis (1960). utunis.rnu.tn - uvt.rnu.tn

The streets of the older section are narrow and winding, with many well-furnished bazaars and splendid mosques. The Muslim quarter also contains the palace of the bey, or native ruler, which now houses a museum of arts and antiquities; and the Mosque of the Olive Tree (AD 732), which served as an Islamic university.

Pirating and trading assured the city's prosperity during the 17th and 18th centuries.

A revived Tunis flourished after the Arabs took control during the 7th century AD. Under the Hafsite dynasty (1228-1574) Tunis prospered.

The ruins of the ancient city of Carthage are to be found near Tunis.

Tunis (ancient Tunes) was probably founded as a Phoenician settlement in the 6th century BC. With neighboring Carthage, it was conquered by the Romans in 146 BC.

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The city is served by a nearby international airport and is connected by rail with other northern African ports.

Major cities near Tunis :

Algiers Marseille Palermo Tripoli
Tunisair
Hubsdestinationsfleet

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