The railway system in the Sudan is extensive, with about 5,500km (3,420 miles) of track linking most of the major towns and cities. It is, however, in a poor state of repair and is in 2005 operating at about one-fifth of its capacity.
Most of the railway system dates from Kitchener's offensive against the Mahdi in the 1890's, and is a narrow gauge, single-track line.
There are three classes of travel on the Sudanese railway.
First-class compartments carry six passengers, while no limit seems to be fixed on the numbers in second and third classes, so these can be very crowded.
Some passengers even ride for free on the carriage roofs. This practice is not recommended, however, as accidents have been known to occur.
from Karthoum by train to:
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